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Curricular Unit: Piano Reduction III
Code: LFM012
Cientific Area: Musical Training

Learning Outcomes

> Piano reduction unit aims to develop reading skills and inner hearing ability of the score and its piano performance. Piano reduction requires the knowledge of how to demonstrate the score text on the piano, i.e. the ability to arrange and adapt. The realization of handwritten piano reduction and score analysis are additional supporting skills for score-reading.

> Playing on the piano and/or singing the instruments in “F” (ex.: French horn, trumpet etc.) and in “A” (ex.: clarinet, trumpet, French horn). Make a written piano reduction of a work (movement) for string orchestra and playing them on piano. Know how to define the functions of instrument groups in the orchestral score.


Preparation of written piano reduction of a work originally written for string orchestra; Playing on piano a score written for classical orchestra. Sight-reading of excerpts from symphonic works, by instrument groups or together, which include the instruments in C-clefs and transposing instruments such as “B”, “F”, “A”, “E” and “Es”.

Examples of works for study during the semester:

Beethoven: Symphonies n.º 3 (I, II), n.º 5 (I‐IV), n.º 7 (I‐IV), n.º 9 (I‐III). Schubert: Symphonies n.º 4 (II, III), n.º 8 (I, II); Octet op. 166; Music for drama “Rosamunde” (n.º 1, 2, 4). Bizet: L’arlesiana Suite (n.º 1, 2), Suite Jeux d’enfants op. 22 (March), Symphony “Roma” (I, III, IV). Mendelssohn: “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” (Overture, Nocturne), Symphony No. 4 “Italian” (II, III). Dvorak: Serenade for string orchestra op. 44 or other works of equivalent difficulty.

Teaching Methodologies

The study material presented in the class is consolidated through independent work. Control of learning is accomplished through weekly presentation of homework that includes individual preparation of extracts and selected scores on the piano, and the realization of handwritten piano reductions.


Anosov, N. P., (1963) Citirea partiturilor simfonice, Bucuresti: Ed. Muzicală

Bőlsche, E., (1952) Schule des Partiturspiels, Band 1, Leipzig: Edition Peters

Chulaki, M. (1972) Instruments of the Symphony Orchestra, Moscow: Muzika.

Eben, P. – Burghauser, J., (1990) Čtení a hra partitur, 2 Ed., Praha: SNKLHU

Hagel, R., (1938) Die Lehre von Partiturspiel, Potsdam: Athenaion

Leschetizky, Th., (1941) Anleitung zum Partiturlesen, Wien: Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag

Mikirtumov, Y. (2013) Redução para piano: três especificidades, Évora: Universidade de Évora.

Piston, W., (1978) Orchestration. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd

Reuter, F. (1951) Praktisches Partiturspielen, Halle – Saale: Mitteldeutscher Verlag

Riemann, H., (1902) Anleitung zum Partiturspiel, Leipzig: Max Hesse´s Verlag

Rimsky – Korsakov, N.A., (1946) Os princípios de orquestração. Leningrado: Muzgiz

Taranov, G., (1939) Curso de leitura de partituras, Moscovo: Iskusstvo

Wolf, О., (1976) Crestomatia de leitura de partituras, 2 Ed., Leningrado: Muzika

Teaching Staff
Yan Mikirtumov (regent)