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Curricular Unit: Piano Reduction I
Code: LFM004
Cientific Area: Musical Training

Learning Outcomes

> Piano reduction unit aims to develop reading skills and inner hearing ability of the score and its piano performance.

> Piano reduction requires the knowledge of how to demonstrate the score text on the piano, i.e. the ability to arrange and adapt. The realization of handwritten piano reduction and score analysis are additional supporting skills for score-reading.

> Playing on the piano and singing in C-clefs (Alto, Tenor and Soprano), are paramount, to which should be added the ability to play the different C-clefs simultaneously. Playing on the piano trios, quartets for strings, woodwind or brass. Score-readings realization of fairly simple symphonies (ex.: Symphony n. 27 by J. Haydn).


To prepare a presentation on the piano of a brass quartet; to prepare a presentation on the piano of one movement of an orchestral work or one movement of a symphony for string orchestra with instruments in the C-clef (viola, cello, double bass); Sight-reading including instruments in C-clefs; Sight-reading of one movement of a classical symphony or similar piece.

Examples of works for study during the semester:

“In Religious Mode” quartet for brass quartet, op. 38 by A. Glazunov, Trio in E-flat major, op. 3 (I-III, V mov.) by L. van Beethoven; Divertimentos for Violin, Viola and Cello by J. Haydn; Trio in E flat major, KV 563 (III-VI mov.) by WA Mozart; Op. 18, n. 1 (I and II mov.) by L. van Beethoven; Quartet in D minor (I-III and.) by F. Schubert; Quartet in G minor (I and.) by E. Grieg; Five movements for string quartet, op. 5 (I, IV, and V) by A. Webern; Adagio op. 11 by S. Barber; Symphony n. 2 (IV and.) by G. Mahler or other works of equivalent difficulty.

Teaching Methodologies

The study material presented in the class is consolidated through independent work. Control of learning is accomplished through weekly presentation of homework that includes individual preparation of extracts and selected scores on the piano, and the realization of handwritten piano reductions. The evaluation of the student is based on the fulfillment achieved during the semester and the knowledge demonstrated in the exam.


Anosov, N. P., (1963) Citirea partiturilor simfonice, Bucuresti: Ed. Muzicală

Bőlsche, E., (1952) Schule des Partiturspiels, Band 1, Leipzig: Edition Peters

Chulaki, M. (1972) Instruments of the Symphony Orchestra, Moscow: Muzika.

Eben, P. – Burghauser, J., (1990) Čtení a hra partitur, 2 Ed., Praha: SNKLHU

Hagel, R., (1938) Die Lehre von Partiturspiel, Potsdam: Athenaion

Leschetizky, Th., (1941) Anleitung zum Partiturlesen, Wien: Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag

Mikirtumov, Y. (2013) Redução para piano: três especificidades, Évora: Universidade de Évora.

Piston, W., (1978) Orchestration. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd

Reuter, F. (1951) Praktisches Partiturspielen, Halle – Saale: Mitteldeutscher Verlag

Riemann, H., (1902) Anleitung zum Partiturspiel, Leipzig: Max Hesse´s Verlag

Rimsky – Korsakov, N.A., (1946) Os princípios de orquestração. Leningardo: Muzgiz

Taranov, G., (1939) Curso de leitura de partituras, Moscovo: Iskusstvo

Wolf, О., (1976) Crestomatia de leitura de partituras, 2 Ed., Leningardo: Muzika

Teaching Staff
Yan Mikirtumov (regent)