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concordo

LPI054

Curricular Unit: Fundamentals of Composition and Orchestral Production VI
Code: LPI054
ECTS: 5
Cientific area: Performance Practices

Learning outcomes:
This curricular unit aims to provide students with the knowledge to compose freely and stylistically, focusing on composition techniques of both 20th (not previously approached in semester V) and 21st-century music. Students will have the opportunity to write short pieces in twelve-tone style (serialism and structuralism), Polytonality, chance music style, as well as in the style of jazz. Specific techniques by Webern, Stravinsky, Lutoslawski, A. Part, G. Ligeti e Penderecki. Will also be studied. Other areas include Electronic, Spectral music (1960’s and 70’s) and their impact on composition today.
Students will also produce artistically and stylistically orchestral scores based on the major principles and techniques of the 20th and 21st century orchestration. Upon successful completion of this curricular unit, students will be able to:
– Compose pieces based on techniques of composition of 20th and 21st Century composers, as well as freely creative pieces on their own musical language, according to the acquired techniques and concepts.
– Reharmonize a melody in the style of Jazz as well as compose a short Jazz piece.
– To develop advanced writing for wind instruments, strings and percussion.
– Develop the ability to orchestrate in the style of A. Webern, I. Stravinsky, W. Lutowlaski, G. Ligeti.

Syllabus:
– Composition techniques: Polytonal, Dodecaphonic and Total Serialism, controlled aleatory/chance music, and textural-micropoliphony, Quantitative Rhythm. Electronic music concepts applied to orchestration (Spectral music and Computer-assisted orchestration).
– Main characteristics of Jazz music (Melody, Rhythm, Harmony, Form, Instrumentation)
– Principles of style in A. Webern, I. Stravinsky, W. Lutoslawski, G. Ligeti (textural) orchestration. Electronic and Spectral music concepts as applied to orchestration (also Computer-assisted orchestration).
– Orchestral accompaniment of 20th- and 21st-century repertoire.

Teaching methodologies:
Methodologies:
Each semester consists of 15 two and a half hour sessions. In each class is provided the theoretical and practical knowledge that will be worked out by the students, by means of in-class and homework assignments of which steady and weekly feedback is provided by the professor. Classes are usually divided into 2 blocks (1.30h allocated for composition and 1h for orchestral production).

Bibliography:
ADLER, Samuel. (2002).The Study of Orchestration. Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
BERLIOZ, Hector, & STRAUSS, Richard. (1991). Treatise on Instrumentation. Nova Iorque, Dover Publications, Inc.
BELKIN, Alan. (2018). Musical Composition, Art and Craft. New Haven & Londres, Yale University Press.
BLACK, Dave, & GEROU, Tom. (2009). Essentials of Orchestration, Alfred Publishing Co., Inc.
BOCHMANN, Christopher. (2006). A Linguagem Harmónica do Tonalismo: Análises e Exercícios. Lisboa, Juventude Musical Portuguesa.
BUKOFZER, Manfred. (1947). Music in the Baroque Era. Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
CASELA, Alfredo, & MORTARI, Virgílio. (1993). La Tecnica dell’ Orchertra Contemporânea. G. Ricordi & C.
DUNSBY, Jonathan, & WHITALL, Arnold. (1988). Music Analysis in Theory and Practice, Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
FORSYTH, Cecil. (1982). Orchestration. Nova Iorque, Dover Publications, Inc.
JEPPESEN, Knud. (1939). Counterpoint. The Polyphonic Style of the Sixteenth Century. Nova Iorque, W. W. Nortom & Company.
LAMAS, Elisa. (2006). Sebenta de Harmonia com Vista à Realização do Baixo-Cifrado. Lisboa, Juventude Musical Portuguesa.
LA RUE, Jan. (1970). Guidelines for Style Analysis. Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
MOORE, Douglas. (1992). Guide to Musical Styles: From Madrigal to Modern Music (Ed. Rev.). Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
OWEN, Harold. (1992). Modal and Tonal Counterpoint: From Josquin to Stravinsky. Schirmer Books.
PERSICHETTI, Vincent. (1961). Twentieth Century Harmony. Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
PISTON, Walter. (1970). Counterpoint. Nova Iorque, W. W. Norton & Company.
PISTON, Walter. (1978). Orquestación. Madrid, Real Musical S. A.
READ, Gardner, Style and Orchestration, Nova Iorque, Schirmer Books, 1979
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, Nikolay. (1964). Principles of Orchestration. Nova Iorque, Dover Publications, Inc.
SCHOENBERG, Arnold. (1970). Fundamentals of Musical Composition. Londres – Boston, Faber and Faber.
SCHOENBERG, Arnold. (1999). Structural Functions of Harmony. Londres, Faber and Faber.
SOLOMON, Samuel. Z. (2002). How to Write for Percussion. Oxford University Press.
TARUSKIN, Richard. (2010). Music in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. The Oxford History of Western Music. OUP.

Teaching Staff:
Nuno Dario (regent)