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Curricular Unit: Musical Analysis IV
Code: LCM009
Cientific Area: Musical Sciences

Learning Outcomes

> In this curricular unit students should continue to study the development of the tonal language during Romanticism. The practice of fugue analysis in the style of J. S. Bach will be continued.

> The fundamental principles of figured-bass and the approach to other forms of chord symbols in use today are studied also.

> Students will approach notions of how to use music notation correctly, acquiring some knowledge in this area.


> Further study of the use of chromatic elements in tonal harmony (continued).

> Further study of modulations and their implications in terms of the tonal construction of romantic music;

> The fugue technique (continued);

> Fundamental principles of the figured-bass technique and examples of its use;

> Basic rules of musical notation.

Teaching Methodologies

The curricular unit consists of fourteen one and a half hour-long sessions. A list of repertory will be previously sent to students. Students, in each session, analyze one work (or a segment of a work). Whenever necessary, technical aspects related to the given subject are addressed separately.


Adler, Samuel (2002). The Study of Orchestration. Nova Iorque: W. W. Norton & Company

Aldwell, Edward and Schachter, Carl (2003). Harmony and Voice-Leading (3ª ed). Belmont, CA: Schirmer

Bochmann, Christopher (2003). A Linguagem Harmónica do Tonalismo. Lisboa: Juventude Musical Portuguesa

Bochmann, Christopher (2006). A Linguagem Harmónica do Tonalismo. Análises e Exercícios. Lisboa: Juventude Musical Portuguesa

Butterworth, Anna (1999). Harmony in Practice. London: Associated Board

Caplin, William (1998). Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the Instrumental Music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. Nova Iorque: Oxford University Press

Clendinning, Jane Piper and West Marvin, Elisabeth (2011). The Musician’s Guide to Theory and Analysis, 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton

Cook, Nicholas (1994). A Guide to Musical Analysis, 2ª ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Dunsby, Jonathan and Whittall, Arnold (1988). Music Analysis in Theory and Practice. London: Faber Music Ltd

Lamas, Elisa (2006). Sebenta de Harmonia com vista à realização do Baixo-Cifrado- Lisboa: Juventude Musical Portuguesa

Hepokoski, James and Darcy, Warren (2011) Elements of Sonata Theory: Norms, Types and Deformations in the Late Eighteenth-Century Sonata. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Ijzerman, Job (2018). Harmony, counterpoint, partimento – A new method inspired by old masters. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Rosen, Charles (1988). Sonata Forms. Nova Iorque: W. W. Norton & Company

Rosen, Charles (1998). The Classical Style – Haydn, Mozart Beethoven. Nova Iorque: W. W. Norton & Company

Sacramento, José Guilherme (2007). Notação Musical – Manual para escrita, edição e revisão. Oeiras: Notação XXI

Schoenberg, Arnold (1967). Fundamentals of Musical Composition, ed. Gerald Strang and Leonard Stein. London: Faber and Faber

Teaching Staff
Emanuel Frazão